Katharina Schmid
Associate Professor, Department of People Management and Organisation at ESADE
URL Associate Professor

Director, Department of People Management and Organisation


  • PhD in Social Psychology. Queens University of Belfast
  • BSc in Applied Psychology. University of Ulster

Areas of interest

  • Organizational Behaviour
  • Social and Organizational Psychology
  • Group dynamics, Diversity and Intergroup Relations
  • Teams and Groups
  • Stereotyping, Prejudice and Conflict Management


Katharina is an Associate Professor in Organizational Behaviour in the Department of People Management and Organization.

Before joining ESADE, Katharina held a faculty position as lecturer and senior researcher at University of Oxford. She has also held a position as Research Fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for the study of ethnic and religious diversity in Germany.

Katharina holds a PhD in Social Psychology, as well as a BSc (Hons) in Applied Psychology. Her research interests lie broadly in social and organizational psychology, and organizational behaviour. Her current research falls into three inter-related areas:

1) Social identity and intergroup dynamics: This research examines key processes by means of which relations within and between groups and teams can be managed and conflict can be resolved. Additionally, this work examines the role of social identity processes in well-being and health.
2) Managing multiple groups: This research considers how individuals make sense of and perceive their multiple group memberships, with a specific focus on antecedents and consequences of social identity complexity.
3) Diversity, prejudice and stereotyping: This line of research examines the correlates and consequences of diversity in various contexts, in order to understand how the potential challenges of diversity can be effectively managed, how intra- and intergroup trust can be built, and how prejudice can be reduced.

Katharina's work has been published in leading academic journals, including Psychological Science, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Her research has also been cited in media reports (e.g., The Guardian). She is an Associate Editor for the journal Group Processes and Intergroup Relations.

Selected publications

Laurence, J., Schmid, K., Rae , J. & Hewstone, M. (2019). Prejudice, contact, and threat at the diversity-segregation nexus: A cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of how ethnic out-group size and segregation interrelate for inter-group relations. Social Forces: An International Journal of Social Research, 97 (3), pp. 1029-1066. DOI: doi.org/10.1093/sf/soy079.

Wölfer, R., Christ, O., Schmid, K., Tausch, N., Buchallik, F., Vertovec, S. & et al. (2019). Indirect contact predicts direct contact: Longitudinal evidence and the mediating role of intergroup anxiety. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 116 (2), pp. 277-295. DOI: 10.1037/pspi0000146.

Laurence, J., Schmid, K. & Hewstone, M. (2019). Ethnic diversity, ethnic threat, and social cohesion: (re)-evaluating the role of perceived out-group threat and prejudice in the relationship between community ethnic diversity and intra-community cohesion. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 45 (3), pp. 395-418. DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2018.1490638.

Hewstone, M., Ramiah, A. A., Schmid, K., Floe, C., Zalk, M., Wölfer, R. & et al. (2018). Influence of segregation versus mixing: Intergroup contact and attitudes among White-British and Asian-British students in high schools in Oldham, England. Theory and Research in Education, 16 (2), pp. 179-203. DOI: 10.1177/1477878518779879.

Laurence, J., Schmid, K. & Hewstone, M. (2018). Ethnic diversity, inter-group attitudes and countervailing pathways of positive and negative inter-group contact: An analysis across workplaces and neighbourhoods. Social Indicators Research, 136 (2), pp. 719-749. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-017-1570-z.

Christ, O., Hewstone, M., Schmid, K., Oriane, S., Green, E. G., Gollwitzer, M. & et al. (2017). Advanced multilevel modeling for a science of groups: A short primer on multilevel structural equation modeling. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 21 (3), pp. 121-134. DOI: 10.1037/gdn0000065.

Schmid, K., Wölfer, R., Swart, H., Christ, O., Al Ramiah, A., Vertovec, S. & et al. (2017). The wallpaper effect revisited: Divergent findings on the effects of intergroup contact on attitudes in diverse vs. non-diverse settings. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43 (9), pp. 1268-1283. DOI: 10.1177/0146167217711929.

Reimer, N. K., Becker, J. C., Benz, A., Christ, O., Dhont, K., Klocke, U. & et al. (2017). Intergroup contact and social change: Implications of negative and positive contact for collective action in advantaged and disadvantaged groups. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43 (1), pp. 121-136. DOI: 10.1177/0146167216676478.

Kauff, M, Green, E. G., Schmid, K., Hewstone, M. & Christ, O. (2016). Effects of majority members' positive intergroup contact on minority members' support for ingroup rights: Mobilizing or demobilizing effects?. European Journal of Social Psychology, 46 (7), pp. 833-839.

Wölfer, R., Schmid, K., Hewstone, M. & van Zalk, M. (2016). Developmental dynamics of intergroup contact and intergroup attitudes: Long-term effects in adolescence and early adulthood. Child Development, 87 (5), pp. 1466-1478. DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12598.

Kauff, M, Schmid, K., Lolliot, S., Al Ramiah, A. & Hewstone, M. (2016). Intergroup contact effects via ingroup distancing among majority and minority groups: Moderation by social dominance orientation. PLOS ONE, 11 (1), pp. 1-28. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146895.

Newheiser , A., Hewstone, M., Voci, A. & Schmid, K. (2015). Making and unmaking prejudice: Religious affiliation mitigates the impact of mortality salience on out-group attitudes. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 54 (4), pp. 774-791. DOI: 10.1111/jssr.12233.

Van Dommelen, A., Schmid, K., Hewstone, M., Gonsalkorale, K. & Brewer, M. (2015). Construing multiple ingroups: Assessing social identity inclusiveness and structure in ethnic and religious minority group members. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45 (3), pp. 386-399. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2095.

Al Ramiah, A., Schmid, K., Hewstone, M. & Floe, C. (2015). Why are all the White (Asian) kids sitting together in the cafeteria? The role of intergroup attributions and norms. British Journal of Social Psychology, 54 (1), pp. 100-124. DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12064.

Schmid, K. & Muldoon, O. (2015). Perceived intergroup threat, social identification and psychological wellbeing: The effects of political conflict exposure. Political Psychology, 36 (1), pp. 75-92. DOI: 10.1111/pops.12073.

Schmid, K., Hewstone, M. & Al Ramiah, A. (2015). Diversity, trust and intergroup attitudes: Underlying processes and mechanisms. In Koopmans, R., Lancee, B. & Schaeffer, M. (Eds.), Social cohesion in diverse societies: Mechanisms, conditions and causality (pp. 143-163). London; New York: Routledge.

Hewstone, M., Floe, C., Al Ramiah, A., Schmid, K., Son, E., Wölfer, R. & et al. (2015). Diversity and intergroup contact in schools. In Koopmans, R., Lancee, B. & Schaeffer, M. (Eds.), Social cohesion and immigration in Europe and North America: Mechanisms, conditions, and causality (pp. 202-228). London; New York: Routledge.

Hewstone, M. & Schmid, K. (2014). Neighborhood ethnic diversity and orientations toward Muslims in Britain: The role of intergroup contact. The Political Quarterly, 85 (3), pp. 320-325. DOI: 10.1111/1467-923X.12098.

Schmid, K., Hewstone, M. & Tausch, N. (2014). Secondary transfer effects of intergroup contact via social identity complexity. British Journal of Social Psychology, 53 (3), pp. 443-462. DOI: 0.1111/bjso.12045.

Schmid, K., Hewstone, M., Küpper, B., Zick, A. & Tausch, N. (2014). Reducing aggressive intergroup action tendencies: Effects of intergroup contact via perceived intergroup threat. Aggressive Behavior, 40 (3), pp. 250-262. DOI: 10.1002/ab.21516.

Christ, O., Schmid, K., Lolliot, S., Swart, H., Stolle, D., Tausch, N. & et al. (2014). Contextual effect of positive intergroup contact on outgroup prejudice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (11), pp. 3996-4000. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1320901111.

Schmid, K., Al Ramiah, A. & Hewstone, M. (2014). Neighborhood ethnic diversity and trust: The role of intergroup contact and perceived threat. Psychological Science, 25 (3), pp. 665-674. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613508956.

Lolliot, S., Fell, B., Schmid, K., Wölfer, R., Swart, H., Voci, A. & et al. (2014). Measures of intergroup contact. In Boyle, G., Saklofske, D. & Matthews, G. (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological constructs (pp. 652-683). Boston; London; New York; Oxford; San Diego: Academic Press.

Stolle, D., Petermann, S., Schmid, K., Schoenwaelder, K., Hewstone, M., Vertovec, S. & et al. (2013). Immigration-related diversity and trust in German cities: The role of intergroup contact. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, (23), pp. 279-298.

Schmid, K., Hewstone, M. & Al Ramiah, A. (2013). Neighborhood diversity and social identity complexity: Implications for intergroup relations. Social Psychological and Personality Science, (4), pp. 135-142.

Newheiser, A., Hewstone, M., Voci, A., Schmid, K., Zick, A. & Küpper, B. (2013). Social-psychological aspects of religion and prejudice: Evidence from survey and experimental research. In Clarke, S., Powell, R. & Savulescu, J. (Eds.), Religion, intolerance, and conflict: A scientific and conceptual investigation (pp. 107-125). Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640911.003.0006.

Lolliot, S., Schmid, K., Hewstone, M., Al Ramiah, A., Tausch, N. & Swart, H. (2013). Generalized effects of intergroup contact: The secondary transfer effect. In Hodson, G. & Hewstone, M. (Eds.), Advances in intergroup contact (pp. 81-112). Abingdon: Psychology Press .

Hughes, J., Lolliot, S., Hewstone, M., Schmid, K. & Carlisle, K. (2012). Sharing classes between separate schools: a mechanism for improving inter-group relations in Northern Ireland?. Policy Futures in Education, 10 (5), pp. 528-539. DOI: 10.2304/pfie.2012.10.5.528.

Schmid, K., Hewstone, M., Küpper, B., Zick, A. & Wagner, U. (2012). Secondary transfer effects of intergroup contact: a cross-national comparison in Europe. Social Psychology Quarterly, 75 (1), pp. 28-51. DOI: 10.1177/0190272511430235.

Al Ramiah, A., Hewstone, M. & Schmid, K. (2011). Social identity and intergroup conflict. Psychological Studies, 56 (1), pp. 44-52. DOI: 10.1007/s12646-011-0075-0.

Tausch, N., Hewstone, M., Schmid, K., Hughes, J. & Cairns, E. (2011). Extended contact effects as a function of closeness of relationship with ingroup contacts. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 14 (2), pp. 239-254. DOI: 10.1177/1368430210390534.

Schmid, K., Hewstone, M. & Al Ramiah, A. (2011). Self-categorization and social identification: Making sense of us and them. In Chadee, D. (Ed.), Theories in social psychology (pp. 211-231). Bologna; Chichester; Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.

Zick, A. & Schmid, K. (2010). Guest Editorial. Prejudice and intergroup differentiation: within and between cultures. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, pp. 173-176.

Tausch, N., Hewstone, M., Kenworthy, J., Psaltis, C., Schmid, K., Popan, J. & et al. (2010). Secondary transfer effects of intergroup contact: alternative accounts and underlying processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99 (2), pp. 282-302. DOI: 10.1037/a0018553.

Schmid, K., Hewstone, M., Tausch, N., Cairns, E. & Hughes, J. (2009). Antecedents and consequences of social identity complexity: Intergroup contact, distinctiveness threat, and outgroup attitudes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35 (8), pp. 1085-1098. DOI: 10.1177/0146167209337037.

Muldoon, O., Schmid, K. & Downes, C. (2009). Political violence and psychological well-being: the role of social identity. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 58 (1), pp. 129-145. DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00385.x.

Schmid, K., Tausch, N., Hewstone, M., Hughes, J. & Cairns, E. (2008). The effects of living in segregated vs. mixed areas in Northern Ireland: A simultaneous test of contact and threat effects in the context of micro-level neighbourhoods. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, (2), pp. 56-71.